명문대 입학 사정의 비밀
미국의 가장 유명한 신문중 하나인 월스트릿 저널이 소개한 미국 엘리트 대학들의 학생선발의 비밀에 대한 기사를 원문그대로 소개한다.
The Secrets of Elite College Admissions
In the final ‘shaping’ of an incoming class, academic standards give way to other, more ambiguous factors
Aug. 28, 2020 10:59 am ET
Last year, when high-school seniors applied to college, they never could have imagined the mess that a global pandemic would create for their first semester. But for students at the nation’s best-known and most selective institutions, they also will never know just how close they may have come to not getting in at all.
The admissions process at such schools is shrouded in secrecy and surrounded by confusion. From the outside, how top-ranked schools rate applicants seems precise enough to land someone on the moon. When you’re a high-school senior (or the parent of one), it feels like another 10 points on the SAT or one extra AP course can tip the scales. What I found, however, by spending the 2018-19 academic year embedded in the admissions offices at Davidson College, Emory University and the University of Washington, and by interviewing dozens of admissions officers at other schools, is that everything is much more ambiguous.
The lack of simple standards was most pronounced when I watched admissions officers complete their “shaping” of the class, the last sorting of applicants before final decisions are sent out in the spring. Shaping is a step at the very end of the process that most teenagers and their parents are unaware of. It’s where selective admissions is the most unfair—the point at which a decision based on traditional criteria such as grades and test scores gives way to one based partly on other factors, such as money, race, gender and major.
The year I was inside Emory University’s admissions office, the school received a record 30,000 applications for fewer than 1,400 spots in its incoming class. In early March, just weeks before official notices were scheduled to go out, the statistical models used by Emory to predict enrollment indicated that too many applicants had been chosen to receive acceptances. In the span of days, teams of admissions officers covering five geographical areas had to shift 1,000 applications from the thin “admit” stack to the much larger “deny” or “wait list” piles.
Emory University in Atlanta received a record 30,000 applications for fewer than 1,400 spots in 2018-19.
Emory is located in Atlanta, and the committee for the Southeast region had to cut the most applicants, 242. The admissions officers didn’t spend much time talking about any one student. Their goal wasn’t to readjudicate an applicant’s entire file but to see the potential admit through the wider lens of a nearly finished class. They moved one young man to “deny” after looking at his senior-year grades—lots of Bs—noting that they had already rejected four other academically stronger students from his high school. They switched a legacy applicant—meaning that a parent had earned a degree from Emory—to “deny” because of his light extracurricular involvement. The original readers gave him a score of 2 out of 5 in that category, observing that he wanted to major in pre-med “but we don’t see activities to support that,” one of the admissions officers said.
Partway through the meeting, the group landed on a file that had multiple “tags.” The applicant was both a legacy and a child of an Emory employee. Because Emory employees receive tuition benefits for their children, moving an applicant from “accept” to “deny” would have come at a steep cost for a family with a child so close to getting admitted. The applicant had strong grades with a rigorous curriculum, but the overall file was described as “lackluster” by the original reader, with ratings of 2 out of 5 for both recommendations and a catchall category called intellectual curiosity. “I’m sure there is plenty of goodness in the file,” said Will Segura, the admissions officer who oversaw the regional committee, “but in terms of natural sciences and what we’re looking at, I don’t believe this is that student.”
Someone else in the room pulled up the applicant’s midyear grades. They were all As. But while the student listed neuroscience as a major, “there is no example of neuro in the file” in terms of activities or in the essays, the admissions officer said. She suggested that they move the applicant to the wait list, which would be “a softer landing” than an outright denial. The applicant was from a high school that sent many students to Emory, but on a ranked list of applicants from the school that filled a page and a half, this applicant was near the bottom of the first page.
A vote was called, a rare occurrence on a day when the committee agreed on most applications. Mr. Segura wanted to shift the student from “accept” to “deny,” while another admissions officer preferred the wait list. Their third colleague hedged. The committee was reminded that the application would come back around for another review the following week because of the multiple tags. “From the perspective we’re supposed to be coming at now,” the wavering staff member said, “it’s a deny.”
‘I like her, if we have room,’ one admissions officer said. ‘Well, we don’t,’ said another.
The three admissions officers had debated the file for 12 minutes. It would be their longest deliberation about any applicant that morning. The following week, the student landed back in the admit pile after a review of hundreds of files with special tags, and the week after that, he received an official acceptance to Emory University. The high-school senior never knew how close he had come to a rejection and how much the college’s priorities—in this case, for children of employees rather than for any particular aspect of his academic or personal life—played a role in getting him over the finish line.
The shaping process, like competitive admissions overall, is particularly tough on qualified women. Men represent less than 45% of students at American colleges, and schools pay attention to gender balance. Among the tentative admits changed by the committee for the Northeast region was a girl with an A average and 1500 on the SAT who wanted to major in prelaw. She ran track in middle school and made the varsity soccer team as a sophomore. One admissions officer found the recommendations lacking because they focused on her personal qualities instead of what happened in the classroom. “I like her, if we have room,” someone said. “Well, we don’t,” said another.
The shaping process Emory employed while I was there is replicated in slightly different ways at other selective colleges each spring. Think of it as finalizing the invite list for a wedding: Guests are moved on and off the list based on whether you think they’ll show up, or whether the groom’s family has too many invites compared with the bride’s. Admissions officers ask questions about their invite lists, too. Do we have enough Black students or Latino students? Enough students who can pay the bulk of the tuition bill? Too many women in the class? Too many students from the Southwest or Northeast? Enough humanities majors?
By this stage, the applicant pool has been reduced to students who could flourish at the school or, for that matter, at many others. These final decisions depend on what the class looks like and how much it will cost to admit the students in the “accepted” bin. This is also the moment when an applicant’s background can help to push them over the line to an acceptance. Legacies, children of faculty and staff, and applicants under the watchful eye of a college’s president or fundraising office usually receive their biggest boost at this point.
The way that admissions officers initially review applications differs by college, and so does the shaping process. Public universities with huge applicant pools and large numbers of incoming students typically use an ax, while smaller private colleges use a scalpel. The University of Washington employs a team of readers to individually review 45,000 applications for fewer than 7,000 spots, and like other selective institutions, its shaping process is less personal and more mechanistic. Applicants are separated into clusters according to the scores they were assigned by admissions readers. Each cluster has hundreds of applicants with the same set of scores.
The Application ExplosionOver the last two decades, the number ofapplicants to 4-year colleges has risen farfaster than the available places.Source: National Center for Education StatisticsNote: Data are for 1,700 American universities andfour-year colleges.
The most significant decision the university’s admissions director makes each year is where to draw the line among those clusters. The cutoff depends on a variety of factors, but it’s primarily determined by the number of applications and the strength of the overall pool. The point is also different for Washington residents, out-of-state applicants and international students. Majors are also taken into account for applicants in computer science and engineering, where seats are limited.
The Davidson College admission staff at work in 2015, before digital applications replaced paper ones.
At Davidson College in North Carolina, with an incoming class of just over 500, the full 16-person admissions committee comes together for a week in early March to evaluate applicants flagged by the admissions dean, Chris Gruber. Each day, the committee focuses on a different batch of applicants: artists and musicians, deferrals from early decision, legacies and children of faculty. This is where racial and ethnic diversity comes into play. Throughout the process, Mr. Gruber has a sense of the geographic diversity of the applicant pool, because admissions officers review by region, but he gets the clearest picture of how acceptances break down by race, ethnicity and gender at this point. Mr. Gruber uses the shaping process to “self-correct” and ensure that enrollments for various demographic groups are at least on par with previous years.
With a tsunami of applicants who are qualified on the surface, what matters at this point are the elements that differentiate students and the chances that they will ultimately choose Davidson—what admissions officers call LTE, likelihood to enroll. The more these admissions officers dissect an applicant’s intentions now, the better Davidson will fare in April, when students have to decide among the many schools that accept them. It’s another way that a college’s agenda—in this case, boosting its yield rate, the share of admitted students who choose to enroll—shapes admissions decisions.
The vast majority of colleges take an applicant’s finances into account at some point.
When an application came up from a high school that hadn’t had a student apply to Davidson in four years, an admissions officer asked what was motivating this particular applicant. The committee often turns to the “Why Davidson?” essay to look for clues. In this case, the essay was boilerplate language about Davidson that can be found in any guidebook. The senior was already in the deny pile. He remained there. So did two applicants whose parents worked at other universities and never visited Davidson, on the assumption that they’d probably attend college where their parents worked. Another denial was a senior who wrote about his aspiration to attend the same school as Steph Curry, the NBA superstar who played for Davidson. “It leaves something to be desired,” someone said.
Davidson and Emory are among a few dozen schools with big endowments that don’t consider an applicant’s finances in making decisions, and that promise to give students the money they need to enroll. But the vast majority of colleges take an applicant’s finances into account at some point, either by accepting them and then shorting them on aid—offering them less than expected according to a federal formula—or simply by denying them admission.
Lafayette College in Pennsylvania was one of the few schools willing to show me how they make financial aid trade-offs in shaping a class. “We have to craft a class with talent and diversity,” Matt Hyde, Lafayette’s dean of admissions, told me, “but I also need to deliver a solvent one.”
In the middle of February, a student’s ability to pay begins to enter the admissions equation. From that moment until decisions are delivered near the end of March, Lafayette takes a much closer look at students with high financial need, a line that is recalibrated every year. In 2019, the line was drawn at $35,000, around half of the total cost of attending Lafayette for a year. To give you a sense of the task facing Lafayette’s admissions officers, consider this: Of Lafayette’s 8,500 U.S. applicants in 2018-19, about 2,200 needed more than $35,000 a year in financial aid. That was roughly the level of need for a family with two children and an annual income of up to $175,000.
As he eliminates students from the admit pool, Mr. Hyde is careful to choose applicants with varying levels of financial need. His models tell him that students who get huge financial-aid packages end up enrolling more often than those with smaller awards or no aid at all. It’s a balancing act in meeting enrollment and budget targets.
Among those who didn’t make it into Lafayette that year was an applicant from Pennsylvania who ranked fifth in his high school class of more than 600, with a 3.96 GPA and 1450 on the SAT. His financial need to attend Lafayette: $66,810 for his freshman year. Another student kept out of the admit pool was a girl from the West Coast with nine AP classes on her transcript and a 1430 on the SAT. Her financial need: $57,000. In the end, Lafayette rejected 200 students whom the admissions staff had tentatively accepted but then decided the school couldn’t afford.
Students on campus at Davidson College, 2018.
The days and weeks that selective colleges spend shaping their class are tense and hectic, as applicants on either side of the line are pushed and pulled between “admit” and “deny.” There’s not one decision but many. “Students see admissions as a report card on their life until now,” Mr. Gruber at Davidson told me, “but there are so many attributes that we’re looking at in the end to build a community.”
But let’s not kid ourselves about the level of precision in crafting a class at an elite college. In reality, the schools aren’t choosing a class as much as they are sending out invitations to join a class. At many selective colleges, only a third of applicants accept an offer—and despite sophisticated models, admissions deans don’t know which third it will be. Every year, some 350 students even turn down an acceptance from Harvard.
In the end, it’s unclear if an incoming class would be much different if admissions officers worried less about shaping it. The simple fact is that the freshman class at any top-ranked college is eerily similar to those at other highly selective schools. Most applicants will never know how close they came to either the admit or the deny pile. At some point, many qualified students were probably in both.
Appeared in the August 29, 2020, print edition as 'Behind the Curtain of Elite College Admissions The Line Between ‘Accept’ and ‘Deny’.'
Turning the Tide: Inspiring Concern for Others and the Common Good Through College Admissions
Harvard Graduate school of Education
미국 대학 입시 변화 :대학 원서에 다른 사람에 대한 배려나 관심과 우리 사회 공동 이익 성취를 위해 해야 할 일이 무엇인가를 찾고 보여 줄 수 있어야 한다.
기사 출처 :하버드 대학교
It’s time to say "Enough"라고 말할 시간입니다.
전환기 : 대학 입시 진행을 통해 타인에 대한 관심과 공동 선을 고무시키는 것은 대학 입학 처의 광범위한 연합이 고등 학생들이 의미 있는 윤리적 및 지적 참여에 집중하도록 공동으로 장려하기 위해 힘을 합친 역사상 처음입니다.
이 보고서에는 대학 입학 절차를 재편하고 야심 찬 학생들 사이의 윤리적 참여를 촉진하고 과도한 성취 압력을 줄이고 경제적으로 취약한 학생들의 경쟁 장을 높이기 위한 구체적인 권장 사항이 포함되어 있습니다. 이는 기존 대학 입학 절차를 실질적으로 재편하려는 2 년 캠페인의 첫 번째 단계입니다.
이 보고서에는 세 가지 핵심 영역에 대한 구체적인 권장 사항이 포함되어 있습니다.
타인에 대한보다 의미 있는 기여, 지역 사회 봉사 및 공익에 대한 참여를 장려합니다.
인종, 문화 및 학급 전반에 걸쳐 다양한 유형의 가족 및 지역 사회 기여를 반영하는 방식으로 학생의 윤리적 참여와 다른 사람에 대한 기여를 평가합니다.
경제적으로 다양한 학생들을 위한 경쟁의 장을 높이고 과도한 성취 압력을 줄이는 방법으로 성취를 재정의합니다.
지금 보고서 읽기 (PDF) →
방금 출시되었습니다! 대학 입학 가이드의 인성 평가는 대학 어드미션 오피스가 입학 과정의 일부로 학생의 성격과 기타 비인지 기술 및 능력을 통합하고 평가할 수 있는 새롭고 잠재적으로 강력한 방법을 제공합니다. 지금 가이드 읽기 →
지역 사회 참여 및 봉사 증진을 위한 권장 사항
학생들은 진정으로 선택되고, 일관되고, 잘 짜여진 의미 있고 지속적인 지역 사회 봉사에 참여하도록 장려되어야 하며, 개인적으로 그리고 또래 및 성인과 함께 반성 할 기회를 제공해야 합니다. 대학 입학 절차는 이러한 서비스를 중요하게 생각합니다.
학생들은 지역 사회 문제를 해결하는 집단 행동을 취하도록 권장해야 합니다. 대학 입학 절차는 이런 종류의 행동을 중요하게 생각합니다.
학생들은“단순 대학 입시를 위한 것(DOING FOR)”이 아닌“ 다른 사람들과 함께하는 것(DOING WITH)”에 초점을 맞춘 진정성 있고 의미 있는 다양성을 경험하도록 장려되어야 합니다. 대학 입학 절차는 이러한 종류의 경험을 중요하게 생각해야 합니다.
학생들은 미래에 대한 감사와 책임감을 키우는 봉사에 참여하도록 권장되어야 합니다. 대학 입학 절차는 이러한 서비스를 중요하게 생각합니다.
결과 및 권장 사항에 대한 자세한 내용은 요약 (PDF) 또는 전체 보고서 (PDF)를 다운로드하십시오.
Turning the Tide: Inspiring Concern for Others and the Common Good Through College Admissions
It's time to say, "Enough."
Turning the Tide: Inspiring Concern for Others and the Common Good through College Admissions marks the first time in history that a broad coalition of college admissions offices have joined forces to collectively encourage high school students to focus on meaningful ethical and intellectual engagement. The report includes concrete recommendations to reshape the college admissions process and promote greater ethical engagement among aspiring students, reduce excessive achievement pressure, and level the playing field for economically disadvantaged students. It is the first step in a two-year campaign that seeks to substantially reshape the existing college admissions process.
The report includes concrete recommendations in three core areas:
Promoting more meaningful contributions to others, community service and engagement with the public good.
Assessing students’ ethical engagement and contributions to others in ways that reflect varying types of family and community contributions across race, culture and class.
Redefining achievement in ways that both level the playing field for economically diverse students and reduce excessive achievement pressure.
READ THE REPORT NOW (PDF) →
Just released! Our Character Assessment in College Admission Guide offers new, potentially powerful ways for college admission offices to integrate and assess student character and other non-cognitive skills and capacities as part of the admission process. Read the guide now →
Recommendations for Promoting Community Engagement and Service
Students should be encouraged to engage in meaningful, sustained community service that is authentically chosen, consistent, and well-structured, and that provides opportunity for reflection both individually and with peers and adults. The college admissions process should value this kind of service.
Students should be encouraged to take collective action that tackles community challenges. The college admissions process should value this kind of action.
Students should be encouraged to have authentic, meaningful experiences with diversity that focus on “doing with” not “doing for.” The college admissions process should value these kinds of experiences.
Students should be encouraged to engage in service that develops gratitude and a sense of responsibility for the future. The college admissions process should value this kind of service.
아마존 Book 연결
New Trier senior promotes engineering for girls
A few years ago while working at her father’s deli in Skokie, Emily Kim noticed he was struggling to move a dolly up a set of stairs. The Wilmette teenager decided she wanted to help.
“I also know how hard it was for someone not strong — like me — to move the dolly. I started ruminating about it and making drawings,” said Kim, who is currently a senior at New Trier. “I eventually came up with some rudimentary plans.”
Those plans would continue to evolve and after countless hours of work, Kim had invented a four-wheel dolly that greatly improves maneuvering. Her creation’s foldable form features ski-like structures on the side that make it easier to transport up and down stairs. Kim has since filed a patent for the invention.
Kim and her parents, Peter and Julie, moved to the United States when she was 4. From an early age, she developed an interest in the STEM fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. At New Trier, she founded a club — Society of Women in Engineering, Entrepreneurship, Technology and Science, or SWEETS for short.
“I saw a need for that at our school because we as women are such a minority [in the STEM fields] and it encourages girls who are interested in that,” said Kim, who with her club has visited area schools to talk to students through outreach programs. “People seem to shy away from engineering because they think the sound of it is too technical. Especially for girls out there, you can be whatever you want.”
Another New Trier club Kim fronts is Out of the Box, which invites interesting people from various fields to the school for talks. She is also part of the Immovable Center club, a psychology club, and is a Science Olympiad. Kim, who also plays the violin, founded the non-profit Piecing Back Memory, which holds drives to collect puzzles for seniors in the area.
Not surprisingly, senior year has been very busy for Kim as she mulls over college choices for next fall. Though she hasn’t made a decision, among the schools she’s giving serious consideration are MIT, Stanford University, University of Pennsylvania and Yale. Though she admits the final call will be difficult, Kim does know she wants to study engineering.
To help with the decision-making process, Kim recently began meeting with the staff at College Planning Co. in Prospect Heights. Sam Lee, president of College Planning Co., works predominately with Asian students. The company helps clients find colleges that are a good fit, develop a college search strategy and explore colleges with their college match search engine.
“My mother attended a seminar they were holding and told me about it. Before that, I hadn’t tried any help outside of the school,” Kim said. “They’ve been very helpful.”
Kim said the biggest area College Planning Co. has helped her with is writing college essays. Through the agency, she has received advice from a graduate of Cornell University.
During her limited free time, Kim continues working on inventing things. Another recent patent was for a pen mouse which she styled after a fountain pen. Different from a stylus because it functions as a mouse, Kim’s redesign of a pen mouse makes it “more comfortable” and is styled after a fountain pen. It includes a ring so the device can be placed on your finger.
“It’s really motivating to see an idea come to life. Also, when I do realize that something is going somewhere, it’s also motivating to think about what kind of difference [the invention] can make,” Kim said. “My passion is to create and design. I’ve noticed a pattern in all of my other past interests is that I always want to do something that is beneficial to others.”
To learn more about College Planning Co., visit collegepco.org or call (847) 450-8001.
특허 2개 낸 뉴트리어 한인 여고생 엑티비티 크게 눈길
미국 신문 탑 기사로 대대적으로 소개
한인 여학생이“여성도 엔지니어링 잘 할 수 있다” 동기 촉진
By. Eric DeGrechie, Editor / The Wilmette Beacon
몇 년 전, 에밀리 킴은 아버지가 운영하는 식료품 가게에서 일을 하고 있었다. 에밀리는 아버지가 짐수레를 계단 위로 옮기는데 무척이나 힘들어하는 것을 보았다. 윌멭 지역 한인 학생 에밀리는 매일 고생하는 아버지를 도와주기로 마음을 먹었다.
“저는 힘이 세지 않은 사람들이 짐수레를 옮기는데 얼마나 힘든 지 알아요. 저는 곰곰이 생각하고 그림을 그렸습니다,” 라고 현재 New Trier 고교 마지막 12학년 재학중인에 밀리가 말합니다. “ 그리고 가장 기본적인 플랜들이 떠올랐습니다.” 라며 특허를 내는 동기가 되었다고 소개했다.
그 계획들은 점점 발전했고 일을 하는데 있어서 도움이 됐습니다. 에밀리는 기술적으로 하는 동작들이 개선된 바퀴가 4개 달린 짐수레를 개발했습니다. 그녀가 개발한 짐수레는 접었다 펼 수 있는 스키 형태로 계단 위로 올리고 내리는 데 손 쉽게 이용할 수 있도록 만들었습니다. 그리고 에밀리는 개발품에 대해 특허권을 냈습니다.
에밀리와 그녀의 부모님, 피터 와 줄리는 에밀리가 4살 때 미국으로 건너왔습니다. 에밀리는 어렸을 때부터 STEM 과학, 기술, 공학, 그리고 수학 쪽에 관심을 보였습니다. 뉴 트리어에서 그녀는 클럽을 만들었는데 여학생들의 과학, 기술, 기업가정신, 테크날리지에 관한 클럽입니다.
“저는 클럽이 우리 학교에 필요하다고 보았습니다 왜냐하면 우리 여자들은 STEM 부분에서 소수이고 이것이 여자분들에게 이 길을 걸을 수 있는 단계가 되었으면 했기 때문입니다,” 라고 에밀리가 말합니다. “ 클럽 사람들은 봉사 활동 프로그램을 통해 다른 학교 학생들과 얘기 할 수 있는 시간이 있었습니다. 처음 참가 학생들은 기계공학과에 관심이 크게 없어 보였습니다 왜냐하면 너무 기술적으로 들리기 때문이었습니다 그러나 에밀리는 “여성들도 하고 싶은 게 있다면 무엇이든지 다 할 수 있다.”고 강조하고 설득했습니다.
또 다른 에밀리의 엑티비티 클럽은 아웃 오브 박스(Out of the Box)인데 이 액티비티 클럽은 다양한 분야에서 전문가들을 초대해 조언을 듣는 액티비티 입니다. 그리고 그녀는 심리학 클럽, Immovable Center (학업 성과를 위한 심리적, 감성적, 멘토 클럽) 클럽, 그 외에도 과학 올림피아드에 소속되어 있습니다. 에밀리는 바이올린도 잘 칠 수 있고 자선 기부단체(Non-profit Piecing Back Memory)를 만들었는데 연장자 분들에게 퍼즐을 제공하고 기억력 향상 능력을 높여주기 위해 기금을 모으는 활동도 합니다.
그녀는 지금 일리노이 최고 명문 공립 고교 중 하나인 윌멭소재 뉴티리어 고등학교 마지막 학년이고 대학교 원서 준비로 초를 다투고 있습니다. 그리고 그녀는 아직 결정을 내리지 못했고 생각하고 있는 학교들은 MIT, 예일, 스탠포드 대학교, 유펜 (University of Pennsylvania) 등입니다. 많이 어렵겠지만 그녀는 기계공학을 전공하고 싶어합니다.
그녀의 의사 결정 과정에서 칼리지 플래닝(College Planning Co 대표 샘리, 한국명 이상영). 을 만났습니다. College Planning Co.는 프로스펙트 하이츠에 있고 Sam Lee가 현재 대표로 있습니다. 칼리지 플래닝 펌은 현재 한인을 비롯한 중국, 등 많은 아시안 학생들은 주 타켓으로 하고 있고 물론 미국학생들도 많이 도와주고 있습니다. 의뢰인들을 대학교 매치 검색 엔진과 어드미션 펙트와 전략적인 틀과 데이터 그리고 많은 경험을 갖고 학생들에게 전공과 대학을 찾아주고 명문대 입학 전문 진학 컨설팅을 합니다. 아울러 학자금 전문 컨설팅으로도 유명합니다.
“저희 어머니가 College Planning Co 주최한 세미나에 참가하게 되면서 샘리 대표를 만나게 되었습니다. 그전에는 학교 외의 도움은 생각지도 못했었습니다. 라고 에밀리가 말했었습니다. “ 굉장히 도움이 많이 되었습니다.”
에밀리는 College Planning Co.가 대학교 원서 프로세싱과 에세이 부분에서 엄청난 도움을 줬다고 얘기합니다. 그리고 이 회사를 통해 코넬 대학원까지 끝내신 분에게 에세이 지도를 받았다고 합니다.
그녀의 제한된 휴식 시간에도 그녀는 꾸준히 무언가를 개발하려고 노력했습니다. 그리고 그녀의 또 다른 특허권을 낸 제품은 펜 마우스라고 기존의 볼펜 마우스보다 더 편리하고 새로운 디자인으로 되어있는 제품입니다. 이 제품은 반지도 포함되어 있는데 손가락에 기능이 탑재할 수 있도록 만들었기 때문입니다.
“ 일상에서 아이디어가 나온다는 것에 대해 동기부여가 됩니다. 그리고 무언가가 어디로 가는 것을 깨닫게 되는 것에 대해 저는 무엇인가 다르게 만드는 것을 생각하는 것이 동기가 된다고 강조합니다.
“저의 열정은 창조와 디자인입니다. 제가 관심 갖고 있었던 것들은 패턴이 있었습니다 그리고 저는 언제나 남들에게 도움이 되는 일을 하고 싶습니다.”
College Planning Co. www.collegepco.org 847-450-8001 (영자신문 번역본)
<Seminar at Oakton Community College Skokie Campus>
<2015 년 5 월 1일 한국 일보>
"입학 결정 어드미션 팩터 고려한 전략적 접근 필요"
|대학 입학 합격률 높이려면, 칼리지 플래닝 세미나 성황.|
|입력일자: 2014-11-21 (금)|
칼리지 플래닝(College Planning Co. 대표 샘리)은 19일 시카고 한인 문화회관에서 개최한 대학 입학
전략과 학자금이라는 주제의 무료세미나에서 대학 합격을 위한 전략적 어드미션 팩터들에 대해 상세한
내용을 설명, 참가자들로부터 높은 관심을 모았다.
샘리 대표는 이날 "명문대는 명문대대로 합격하기가 어렵고 일반 중위권 대학도 예전에 비해 합격이
쉽지 않은 점을 감안, 학교가 학생을 뽑을 때 고려하는 우선 순위와 중요도에 따른 학교별 합격 안정권에
들기에 적합한 팩터들을 잘 분석해 지원하는 것이 합격율을 높이는 지름길"이라고 강조했다.
12학년 시니어 학생 경우 학교 성적(GPA)이나 ACT 성적이 정해진 상태라면 그 외에 합격에 영향을
미치는 에세이에 대한 중요성, 액티비티, 전공결정, 학교 선정 등에 대한 전문적인 도움이 필요하다고
샘리 대표는 또 대학입학을 위한 전략 부분에서 "미국 학생들은 원하는 대학에 입학을 하려는 적극적인
인식이 있으나 한인 학생들 경우 학교가 자신들의 합격여부를 결정토록 하는 피동적 자세를 보이고
있다"며 "그만큼 미리 미리 학생들이 원하는 학교에 대한 사전 준비나 대학 진학을 위한 전문성이
결여된 데서 오는 차이"라고 지적했다.
대학마다 지원하는 학생들에게 요구하는 팩터가 성적이 전부가 아니라는 점에서 현재 중요한 것은
에세이를 얼마나 잘 쓰며 학생의 탤런트나 능력 캐릭터, 리드쉽 등을 잘 표현할 수 있는 원서 기입이
매우 중요하다고 덧붙였다.
그는 이어 일부 학생이나 학부형들이 대학에 무조건 합격해 놓고 보자는 생각으로 학자금을 고려하지
않고 진행했다가 나중에 어려운 상황에 처하는 경우가 흔하다고 지적하고 원서낼 때부터 학자금을
고려한 학교 선정이 매우 중요하다고 말했다.
학교마다 학자금에 대한 지원이 차이가 나고 학생의 성적이나 학생과 학부모의 재산, 수입등에 따른
연방정부, 주정부, 대학교에서 지원하는 학자금 보조 비율이 다른 점을 감안하면 개개인의 형편에
따라 좀더 혜택을 많이 받을 수 있는 학교 선정을 전문가와 함께 논의한 후 원서를 낼 필요가 있다고
샘리 대표는 이날 세미나에서 실제 학생들의 학자금 보조 실태를 실례로 들면서 한 학생이 작게는 몇
천불에서 많게는 몇 만달러에 이르는 학자금 혜택에 대한 샘플을 공개해 눈길을 끌었다.
이날 세미나에서는 6학년부터 고교 12학년 학생들과 학부모들이 참석해 높은 열기를 보였다. 참석
학생들에게는 무료 적성 검사가 현장에서 치러지기도 했다.
한편 세미나 이후에는 예약에 한해 학생 각자의 형편에 맞는 맞춤형 대학 진학과 학자금을 최대한
많이 지원 받는 방안에 대해 무료 상담이 이어졌다.
칼리지 플래닝: 847-450-8001
칼리지 플래닝 샘리 대표( 한국명 이상영(Sang young Lee)가 미국 대학 재학시절 대학 학교 신문사 staff writer(기자)를 거쳐 Academic Editor( 아카데미 에디터 )로서 활동할 당시 쓴 기사들이다. 그는 주로 대학교 교수들의 학문 연구나 리서치 관련 많은 취재와 아티클을 남겼다. 샘리 대표는 칼리지 플래닝을 설립하기전에는 중앙일보 편집국장을 역임했다.
아래 신문 기사들은 샘리 대표가 직접쓴 기사들이 신문에 게재된 몇몇 아티클들이다.